Sagam Community Hospital is excited to announce that we will be starting a blog mini-series on maternal health, in partnership with AIHT and our current Ob-Gyn consultant, Dr. Jennifer Makin. We will be doing a series of educational posts to help ensure that the Sagam community can take all the necessary steps towards a positive pregnancy. This week, we are discussing Nutritional Interventions.
Nutritional interventions cover dietary recommendations, lifestyle choices, and necessary supplements. For dietary interventions, the WHO recommends all mothers-to-be receive counseling on their diet as soon as they find out they are pregnant. It is important to discuss your diet with your clinician so they can get a good understanding of the nutrients you and your baby are getting. Maternal weight should be monitored throughout pregnancy. If you are within a normal weight range, Kenya Guidelines recommends gaining 12-15 kg in pregnancy. If you are underweight then an increased weight to 18 kg is recommended, and if you are overweight 7 kg is recommended. Our clinicians at our OB clinic, held every Tuesday, are a great resource for learning more about what nutrients you and your baby need in order to keep you both as healthy as possible.
Sometimes, based on your current diet, your clinician may suggest that you increase your protein or energy intake. Increases of these in your diet can benefit your baby in preventing a low birth weight and even the risk of stillborn death. Your clinician can provide you with suggestions of high-protein foods to add to your diet and can work with your available resources to make sure you and your baby have access to the correct nutrients.
|Recommended List of Locally available snacks (300 kCal) for Pregnant Women|
|Chapati with oil (1)||Orange (1 medium size)|
|Mandazi (2)||Guava (2 medium sizes)|
|Sweet potato (1)||Mango (1 small)|
|Scone/bun (2)||Papayas (⅕ medium size)|
|Ugali (1 cup)||Banana (3 small)|
|Potatoes (3 pieces)||Watermelon 2 small slices|
|Porridge thick (2 cups)||Berries 1 cup|
|Arrow Root (2) medium size|
|Roasted Groundnuts 1 packet|
Dietary recommendations are often based on how active your lifestyle is. Most women in the Sagam community are very active, and there is no need to stop that when you are pregnant. In fact, maintaining an active lifestyle can prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy and lead to better health outcomes for both the mother and baby after birth.
In addition to your diet and lifestyle, the WHO also recommends certain supplements that can assist in the development of your baby. Two of the most widely recommended are Iron and Folic Acid. These two supplements provide many health benefits. They can also prevent maternal anemia, puerperal sepsis, and premature birth. Be sure to ask your clinician about supplement recommendations and the right dosage for you. Some of the other supplements your clinician might recommend are listed below.
|Micronutrient Supplementation for Pregnant and Lactating Mothers|
|Micronutrient||Target Group||Dosage||Frequency||Timing and Schedule|
|Vitamin A||Lactating||200,000 IU||Single Dose||At delivery (within 4 weeks of delivery)|
|Folic Acid||Pregnant lactating||0.4 mg||Daily in pregnancy||From 2 months before pregnancy until 6 months postpartum|
|Iron||Pregnant||60 mg||Daily throughout pregnancy||During 1st-month pregnancy or 1st contact|
|Iodine||pregnant||Iodinized salt in daily meals|
|Calcium||pregnant||Milk, yogurt, cheese with daily meals|
Food to Avoid
In addition to supplementing with essential micronutrients, there are some environmental toxins that should be avoided. Recent African studies have shown high levels of mercury in fish from Lake Victoria. Mercury poisoning can injure the brain of an unborn fetus. It is recommended that pregnant women limit 2-3 servings of tilapia per week. Omena is a better choice than tilapia.
At our weekly outreaches, Sagam Community Hospital helps provide a variety of these services, including family planning consultations and vitamin A distribution. We also have a weekly outpatient OB clinic that can provide you with more information.
Our family planning team at a recent community outreach
Our weekly OB clinic is held on Tuesdays from 8:30 am – 4:00 pm
For more information on our upcoming community outreach services, please visit our Facebook Page. https://www.facebook.com/sagamhealth.org/
Sagam Community Hospital was excited to complete the first community outreach of 2018! Last Wednesday, 17th of January, staff members, clinicians, and volunteers of SCH had the opportunity to visit the community of Mguge and provide health services.
This is our first community outreach working in affiliation with the Sagam chapter of Rotary Club International. We look forward to working closely with them and our other sponsor organizations, including Jhpiego, Mobile ODT, Kisumu Medical and Education Trust (KMET), Christian Health Association of Kenya (CHAK), Astrazeneca, and Essilor.
Members of the Mguge had the chance to utilize many of our free services, including family planning, cervical cancer screenings (using our MobileODT device), eye exams, and blood pressure screenings. Sixty patients total were treated during this community outreach, with 35 being seen directly by our clinician on site, Javan. For services, there were 48 blood pressure screens, with 20 referrals following, 8 family planning consultations, 9 distributions of Vitamin A, 3 distributions of ORS, 10 cervical cancer screenings, and 34 HIV screenings. In addition, our Community Health Workers, who serve as Essilor Vision Ambassadors, had eye glasses on sale for KES 650.
Thank you to our Sagam Community Hospital team, Rotary Club of Sagam (including Sammy for providing drinks to the SCH team), our partners , and the people of Mguge for having us!
If you wish to participate or collaborate with us on future outreaches, please contact SCH at 0718646933 or email@example.com
This past Friday, we said goodbye to two of our consultants, Dr. Revathi Ravi and Dr. Oluwakemi Adegoke. Both are Global Health Innovation and Leadership fellows within Massachusetts General Hospital’s Division of Global Health and Human Rights. Additionally, both are currently MPH candidates at the Harvard T.H Chan School of Public Health. We were so fortunate to have them work alongside our Sagam staff for the past two years, and they have both accomplished a tremendous amount throughout their time here.
Dr. Oluwakemi Adegoke (“Dr. Kemi”) is an attending in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Providence St. Peter’s Hospital in Olympia, Washington. Here at Sagam Community Hospital, she served as our Obstetrics and Gynecology specialist. Dr. Kemi brought her passion for educating patients on reproductive health and family planning to improve the lives of those here in western Kenya. She ran our weekly OB-GYN outpatient clinic and served as a clinician at Kisumu Medical and Education Trust (KMET), a non-governmental organization closely affiliated with Sagam Community Hospital.
In addition to her impressive clinical work here at Sagam, Dr. Kemi also focused on research in Postpartum Hemorrhage (PPH), and specifically the use of the Uterine Balloon Tamponade (UBT). Her commitment to serving patients in low-resource areas resulted in the improvement of the UBT program. Additionally, she is working on determining the facilitators and barriers that are involved in the larger uptake of the UBT device in other countries such as Tanzania. As a consultant, Dr. Kemi proved to be an excellent instructor for our staff, especially our interns and residents. We are a stronger team because of Dr. Kemi’s knowledge and commitment to improving Sagam Community Hospital. Now that she has completed her time as a consultant with us, Dr. Kemi will be heading to Boston, Massachusetts, to continue to pursue her MPH in Quantitative Methods at Harvard University.
Our other departing consultant, Dr. Revathi Ravi, served as our medicine and pediatrics specialist at SCH. Dr. Ravi is passionate about strengthening global health systems, and that was clearly represented in her commitment to teaching our Clinical Officers, Interns, Residents, and Nurses. Dr. Ravi focused on improving our neonatal care by hosting multiple trainings on Helping Babies Breathe with our clinical staff, enabling them to be better prepared to prevent infant mortality.
One of Dr. Ravi’s most impactful accomplishments was serving as the founder of the ESM-NRB Bubble CPAP program in Kenya. ESM-NRB is one of AIHT and Sagam’s hallmark programs. Today the program exists in four facilities across Siaya county, and we look forward to continuing to work with Dr. Ravi to expand the impact of this life-saving device and improve the health outcomes of newborns in Kenya. Dr. Ravi will now return to Boston, Massachusetts, to pursue her Masters of Public Health and resume her role as an attending physician in the Department of Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital.
Our two departing consultants have left an immeasurable impact during their time here. We are proud to have worked with such incredible physicians and look forward to seeing all that they accomplish in the field of global health. Asante Sana and safe travels to you both!
To learn more about our partnership with MGH GHHR and their fellows visit: http://www.massgeneral.org/emergencymedicineglobalhealth/education/Global_Health_Leadership_Fellows.aspx
This past week, Sagam Community Hospital completed another successful Ketamine Week, the first since the end of the country-wide healthcare strikes. SCH trained three new providers from Sagam, as well as four nurses and two doctors from Victoria Hospital in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, Canada. Throughout the week, nineteen procedures were done in total, to support the training of the providers. This included an emergency caesarian section on Monday, starting off the week on an exciting note!
We were pleased to welcome visitors from CHMT on Wednesday including the Siaya County Director for Health, Dr. Samuel Omondi-Owino, the Siaya County Deputy Director for Health, Dr. Eunice Fwaya, and the Siaya County Reproductive Health Coordinator, Mr. Fredrick Obare. Pictured below with our Ketamine Week attendees from Prince Albert, Canada.
On Friday, our final lunch and graduation ceremony was a cause for celebration. We are proud of all of our participants, and the connections that this week has allowed us to make from Canada to Kenya. Many thanks to our instructors, Javan Imbamba (SCH Ketamine Champion), Wenslaus Adenya (SCH Ketamine Champion), Juma Jaqtone (SCH Ketamine CO Anaesthetist), and Dr. Revathi Ravi (MGH Global Health Fellow). Our doctors, Dr. Amaganga, Dr. Kemi, and Dr. Nyamogo, and our consultants, Dr. Khama Rogo, Dr. Thomas Burke, and Dr. Orero.
We would also like to thank our hospital administrators, Debora Rogo and Juddy Mattis, as well as the theatre, pharmacy, accounts, nursing, and kitchen staff. In addition, many thanks to the MGH Coordinators, Joseph Owuor, and Phoebe Kelleher. This week would not have been possible without this wonderful team!
KENYA OBSTETRICAL AND GYNECOLOGICAL SOCIETY (KOGS) SENSITIZATION FORUM ON UTERINE BALLOON TAMPONADE (UBT) AND KETAMINE INNOVATIONS
The Kenya Obstetrical and Gynecological Society (KOGS) recently held a sensitization forum to discuss the Every Second Matters (ESM)- Uterine Balloon Tamponade (UBT) and ESM-Ketamine innovation in Kisumu, Kenya. The African Institute for Health Transformation (AIHT) team in collaboration with the head of Reproductive and Maternal Health service Unite (RMHSU) Dr. Joel Gondi brought together 16 members of KOGS drawn from Kisumu, Bungoma, Kakamega, Garissa, Turkana, Homa Bay, Vihiga, Busia and Migori Counties. One main objective of the forum was to to discuss the best strategies to accelerate rollout, data collection, reporting, uptake, and scale-up of both the Uterine Balloon Tamponade and Ketamine innovations. The forum also focused on sensitizing KOGS members on maternal health lifesaving innovations.
The forum began with introductions and welcoming remarks from Dr. Onyango, the Chairperson of KOGs Western Chapter, and followed with the first presentation by Dr. Joel Gondi. Dr. Gondi commended Obstetrician and Gynecologists for their efforts in making a difference in maternal and reproductive health service provision. He emphasized how to implement locally generated evidence based innovative techniques that offer local solutions to maternal and adolescent reproductive health challenges. He also emphasized the need for quality of care to be improved, and he acknowledged it is at the heart of all the best practices they are expected to implement. Dr. Gondi highlighted critical observation is where quality of care is compromised not as a result of scientific, but rather administrative systems failure especially where there is staff shortage or delay in offering services.
Dr Gondi also wanted to know how far KOGS has been articulating and propagating some of the best practices such as UBT and Ketamine innovations in their practice. He emphasized the need for KOGS to shape direction of Maternal Health policies in Kenya. He invited KOGS to participate in the review of the Reproductive Health Policy that is ongoing, and he mentioned that this review would attempt to interpret and meet the constitutional requirement that Kenyan Citizens have a right to the highest standard of Reproductive Health in a devolved system of governance.
Dr. Gondi concluded by highlighting resources and partnerships KOGS could use, provided by the Ministry of Health (MOH), in rolling out and scaling up the two Maternal Health Innovations. Dr. Gondi stated, “So long as the two innovations are recognized by the National Steering Committees and the Technical Working Groups (TWGS), and Science supports the innovation, the MOH will support the scale up”. He mentioned this could have been achieved earlier in the year, but unfortunately the industrial actions and the political climate have not been conducive enough. This however, he said was in the pipeline for execution in the next quarter where the MOH will make and implement supportive legislation, policy, and guidelines on Maternal Health Best Practices in Kenya.
Dr. Kereki, KOGS President Representative, also made a keynote address at the forum, and during his keynote address, Dr. Kereki gave the audience some startling statistics on maternal health.
Some of the startling statistics Dr. Kereki shared;
- Every month more than 20 women die at childbirth.
- According to confidential reports, 857 mothers died in the 1st half of 2017 as compared to 142 mothers during the same period in 2016.
- Only 10% of maternal deaths are reported. What happens to the 90% unreported cases? For instance DHIS reported 962 deaths in 2016.
- Over 50% of Public Health Facilities remained closed over the strike period. Doctors went on strike for 100 days and nurses 150 days; this he observed set stage for a perfect “relay” where Kenyans were exposed to 250 days without medical services in the public facilities.
Dr Kereki continued to highlight some of the challenges reproductive health care face. He highlighted:
- Lack of prioritization of resources where Maternal Health Care is not prioritized
- Leakage of maternal health resources due to corruption and nepotism.
- Ineffectiveness of Free Maternity Care due to lack of resources to support the same and misappropriation of the meager resource allocation for the same.
- Inadequate, inappropriate, and erratic supplies.
- Lack of maternal services in communities where they are needed the most (adolescents and youth; nomadic and pastoralists; people with disability; street population; and populations in informal settlements in all our cities).
- Inadequate trained professionals to handle some very unique and specialized but necessary Reproductive and Maternal Health services.
Dr. Kereki proposed solutions to some of the challenges. He urged Active involvement of KOGS members in policy making using a phrase that, “You are either on the table or you are in the menu…where do you want to be?” Dr. Kereki also stated that most of the local problems have local solutions such as the UBT and Ketamine, an old drug that has been tried and tested locally, and the only question is on roll out, uptake, and scale up. Dr. Kereki emphasized so long as there is no missed opportunity and there is a call for agitation by KOGS that every life matters, then the local innovations can and will make a big impact on the negative maternal health indicators currently reported in Kenya.
Another keynote speaker at the forum was Professor Khama Rogo. Professor Rogo acknowledged that maternal and reproductive health problems are similar in Africa, but solutions can be developed and adopted locally to make a difference. “As professionals we are not any less guilty. In health the consequences of omission are not the same as the consequences of commission”, stated Prof Rogo.
Professor Rogo discussed the delays and inefficiencies at facility level giving a case scenario in Siaya County where a 14 year old succumbed to postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) due to provider delays at facility level, referral delay, and blood scarcity. He emphasized medicine is an apprenticeship, and young doctors need role models to mentor them. He noted that internship is the final stage of molding after which it would be difficult to churn out quality medical doctors into the health care industry. Prof Rogo mentioned that the role of Obstetrician Gynecologists is only second to the work of God. He stated, “When God leaves you, you are done, when the Obstetrician Gynecologist leaves you, you die”.
He continued to also discuss near misses. Near misses, he mentioned are “deaths” in the eyes of an African woman because the loss of a uterus would basically “kill” her womanhood and status in the society. He challenged Obstetrician Gynecologists to embrace their roles with courage and to know that they are dispatched to counties not because of perfections, but rather imperfections that they are expected to correct. “You must therefore leave that place better than how you found it!” he concluded.
According to Professor Rogo a lot of emphasis needs to be put on governance, health financing, equipment, infrastructure, pharmaceuticals, and essential drugs and human resource strengthening. All these he said can be achieved even at county levels as counties are now allowed to legislate at the County Assembly level with regards to what works for them best.
Professor Rogo also encouraged the KOGS team members to participate in evidence-based research and do as many publications as possible as it is the only way that local innovations can be acknowledged internationally.
He closed his remarks with a quote to the Obstetrician Gynecologists. “You don’t light a lump and hide it under the table. You guys are light; are you under the table or above the table? It is not the numbers that count, but the commitment to get it done. Do it now…you are the best, you are qualified and gifted!” he stated.
Monica Oguttu, KMET Executive Director and chairperson Kisumu Health Task Force Committee, and Dr. Solomon Orero presented the ESM-UBT and ESM-Ketamine innovation at the forum. During her ESM-UBT presentation, Monica Oguttu addressed the KOGS team in her capacity as KMET Executive Director and chairperson for Kisumu Health Task Force Committee. She mentioned that despite the gains made by many government interventions such as “Linda mama” and “beyond zero” initiatives by the first lady, maternal health indicators still remain negative. Kisumu alone has many OBS/GYNs but teamwork seems to be the missing link.
Her presentation captured the PPH situation in Kenya, recommended procedure for PPH management in AMSTL, provided statistics on PPH in Kenya, and highlighted the percentage contributions to PPH by each of the four T’s (trauma, tissue, tone, and thrombosis). The UBT innovation was then introduced, from sharing information to proof of concept stage, trainings conducted, endorsements obtained (including from KOGS), and finally lives saved to date. A video documentary was also shared showing the UBT technique and how it has impacted lives of many women in Garissa County.
During the ESM-Ketamine presentation Dr. Solomon Orero gave a history of ketamine use in Kenya, the rationale for use, dosage, and side effects. During the plenary discussion a number of OBS/GYNS testified to having successfully used ketamine to save lives in instances where there was no anesthetist or where patient referrals would cause delays in saving the patient’s life. A few other participants raised concerns about their job security, especially in the event that ketamine failed and a patient died. Dr. Orero reassured them that as long as proper documentation and procedures are adhered to as per the expected SOP’s they would not be victimized. “You have two options, you either do nothing and watch the patient dies, or you use ketamine and you get a chance to save the patient’s life” he stated.
With prior emphasis from Professor Rogo, Dr. Orero further emphasized that Ketamine is not being used as a replacement to general anesthesia, but rather recommended when conventional management levels have failed. Basic eligibility criteria such as a functional theatre in place, an MO, where there’s no anesthetist, and basic checklist requirements such as availability of oxygen in the theatre before ketamine use. An Obstetrician from Kisumu testified having used ketamine for all the surgeries they had in Kaplong for a couple of years with no adverse out comes. It was similarly observed by other obstetricians present that the safety level of Ketamine was better than spinal depending on the experience of the anaesthetist or anesthetist assistant.
The meeting concluded with action plans and next steps highlighted below:
Way forward/Next Steps:
- KOGS Western region to share a write up on maternal health gaps and the proposed solutions to be adopted.
- Kakamega OBS/GYN will hold a stakeholders’ forum where he will address the issue of ketamine use where there is no anaesthetist.
- KOGS have an important role to play during MPDRS and in county MNH TWGs.
- Vihiga County OBS/GYN promised to lobby his county to purchase ESM-UBT as an essential maternal health commodity.
- Turkana County OBS/GYN plan to hold a reconnaissance meeting with the Turkana CHMT to discuss gaps in ESM-UBT utilization and UBT commodity security.
- KOGS to document county specific maternal health situation during the Industrial strike period by health providers (Doctors and nurses)
- In the next quarter (January 2018-March 2018) MOH will make and implement supportive legislation, policy and guidelines on Maternal Health Best Practices in Kenya where the ESM-UBT will be discussed by the MNH TWG and MNH steering committee.
- Joint planning with obstetrician/gynecologists as team leaders to accelerate rollout of Ketamine and UBT in their respective counties
We would like to thank all our partners that made this forum possible. We would like to appreciate our partners AIHT, KOGS, MGH, RMHSU, and KMET for their continued mission to saving maternal health with lifesaving innovations.
Many people do not pay much attention to the eye although it is one of the most vital senses in the human body. Vision impairment and eye infections are on the rise due to some factors that can easily be prevented. Ask yourself this, how often do you see an ophthalmologist or rather…how many eye checkups have you been to?
Some eye conditions and diseases are hereditary and family members may need to be monitored regularly by a general physician and an ophthalmologist or optometrist. The most common eye problems are shortsightedness, foresightedness, colourblindness, blurred vision and general eye infections.
Eye sight problems are on the rise mostly in children, teenagers and office workers due to frequent watching of television, use of smartphones and use of computers and laptops in the office.
NOTE; If a foreign body enters your eye e.g: when digging a sharp stone enters your eye, e glass accidentally enters your eye, do not rub it ..it might just stir up the problem. In stead, close your eye, tie it with a bandage and rush to the nearest hospital.
Visit Sagam Community Hospital for eye checkups every weekday from 8.00am.
Did you know that cervical cancer is the leading cause of death of women of reproductive age in Kenya? Overall, it is the 3rd leading cause of death in Kenya after infectious and cardiovascular diseases. According to the Ministry of Health, at least 8 Kenyan women die daily from cervical cancer. In addition, the National Cancer Institute notes that only 14 percent of all Kenyan women have been screened.
We wish to encourage all women of reproductive age to get screened. If cervical cancer is screened and diagnosed early, it can be treated. At Sagam, we provide cervical cancer screening for free.
As part of our screening services, we have teamed up with MobileODT and are using their innovative screening device that allows for quick diagnosis and consultation with senior ob/gyn consultants. The camera, which is connected to a smart phone, allows the health provider to capture a photo, take client details and share the photo in real-time with an approved ob/gyn consultant. This is all supported with an online platform that has been set up specifically for SCH.
Please fill free to visit our ob/gyn clinic every Tuesday from 8.30 am to 4 pm or come by during one of our outreaches to receive the service.
SCH welcomed Dr. Nelson Otieno from the Christian Health Association of Kenya (CHAK) and AstraZeneca Band Dr. David Wanikina, our Family and Emergency Medicine Resident, as they taught our Continuous Medical Education (CME) session today with a focus on diagnosis and management of hypertension.
SCH is part of the Healthy Hearts Africa (HHA) initiative that is being implemented by CHAK and AstraZeneca towards early diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in Kenya. Often called the “silent killer”, hypertension is a condition that can be managed will starting with ensuring frequent screening of one’s blood pressure.
According to the Director of Medical Services, 1 in 4 Kenyans is living with hypertension but only about half of them have had their blood pressures measured.
As one gets older (past the age of 40), blood pressure screenings should become a routine part of their health care.
We are grateful to them for the wonderful session and for our staff, who made it a very participatory and active!
SCH Clinical Team meeting with Siaya County and Gem Sub-County representatives
MEDIC WEST AFRICA Conference and Exhibition is happening this week in Lagos Nigeria where Sagam video has won many admirers!
Medic West Africa is is the biggest Health Care Exhibition Conference in the Continent with thousands of participants from all over the world.
Digital health technology was the area of focus for the conference today. The platform was sponsored by PharmAccess and QuintilesIMS.
The moving video shot at Sagam with our late staff, Gladys, was shown in plenary to hundreds of admiring Nigerian and International audience.